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翟明国,樊祺诚. 2002. 华北克拉通中生代下地壳置换:非造山过程的壳幔交换. 岩石学报, 18(1): 1-8
华北克拉通中生代下地壳置换:非造山过程的壳幔交换
翟明国  樊祺诚
[1]中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所,北京100029 [2]中国地震局地质研究所,北京100029
基金项目:国家重点基础研究规划项目G1999043207,国家自然科学基金40072061,中国科学院重大创新项目KZCX1-07的研究成果
摘要:
      华北克拉通内部前寒武纪麻粒岩地体和新生代火山岩的麻粒岩捕虏体的研究表明,前寒武纪下地壳与现今下地壳的是不同的。下地壳的主要置换发生在中生代。这表明,华北克拉通中生代的构造重大转折,不仅使得盆山格局发生了变化,而且下地壳和上地幔的组成和结构发生了变化。已发表的关于东部岩石圈减薄的机理有折沉作用、幔柱构造模式,均与造山带的演化相联系。本文注意到,华北克拉通最下部地壳的部分或大部都已被中代的下地壳置换,它们不仅发生在克拉通边部,而且发生在克拉通内部。因此华北克拉通中生代的下地壳被中生代的下地壳取代的作用,可称为华北克拉通中生代换底作用。中生代时期的华北拉通下可能存在有规模的地幔柱,强烈的壳幔交换是换底的作用的主要方式,热侵蚀和化学侵蚀的细节还不清楚。但可以推测这与造山带的演化没有直接关系,和造山带岩石圈根部的折沉作用有一般意义的底侵作用不同。
英文摘要:
      The study of Precambrian granulite terrain in the North China craton and the granulite xenoliths in Cenozoic volcanic rocks shows that there are differences between the Precambrian lower crust and the present lower crust. This study further shows that the Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the North China craton not only causes changes in basin-range system but also changes in the composition and texture of the lower crust and upper mantle. There have been many models suggested, such as delamination,mantle-root structure etc, for the mechanism of thinning of the eastern lithosphere, all are related to the evolution of orogenic belt. We have noted in our work that most or all of the lowermost crust of the North China craton has been substituted by the Mesozoic lower crust. This has been occurred not only the edge of but also within the craton. Therefore, the processes of the North China craton mantle uplifting and the quick thinning of the Paleozoic lithosphere may be seen as the replacement of bottom crust in the North China craton. An upwelling mantle plume possibly existed during Jurrasic-Cretaceous, and strong crust-mantle interaction is a major way of replacement of bottom crust, while the details of thermal and chemical corrosion is still not clear. However, it may be inferred that this has no direct relationship with the evolution of orogenic belt and is different from the lithosphere delamination at the root of orogenic belt.
关键词:华北 中生代 下地壳 置换作用
  修订日期:2001-10-22
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